Various parasites can be responsible for mange in the dog. Often they are so-called grave or itch mites with the tranquil name Sarcoptes scabiei var. Canis, a mite subspecies that mainly affects dogs. Occasionally it also nests in cats and foxes. While the male mites remain on the surface of the skin, the female arachnids dig tunnels into the surface of the skin and lay their eggs there. Be careful, many types of throat are highly contagious. The painful disease is not only transferable to animals, but also to humans, which is why you should avoid high-profile four-legged friends.
Symptoms of mange in dogs
Hair loss and dandruff are classic symptoms of mange in dogs. Sarcoptes mites also cause severe itching. No wonder, as the mites work their way through the skin layers and secrete a secretion that causes the dog's need to scratch. So if your dog scratches unusually often and intensely, mites could be behind it. Reddish spots usually appear on the skin - initially on the head, particularly frequently behind the ears. The mite species Otodectes cynotis, the so-called ear mange, is almost only found in this part of the body. Itch mites can also affect the host's chest, abdomen and limbs. The violent scratching often causes further inflammation of the skin. Weight loss and depression in dogs are also possible consequences if no treatment is given.
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Treatment of mange in dogs
As soon as your four-legged friend shows symptoms of mange, a visit to the veterinarian is advisable. The veterinarian uses a microscopic examination to determine the exact type of infestation. Building on this, he prescribes a suitable mite remedy. In addition, there is often already a bacterial infection of the skin, which makes treatment with an antibiotic necessary.
The special shampoo cure your dog will have to endure for several weeks - daily for the first week, then every four to five days thereafter. This is the only way to effectively combat the mites and the larvae and nymphs hatching from the eggs.
In this painful time, it is important that you isolate your four-legged friend so that the pathogens do not spread to other animals or to you. This is difficult, but this is the only way to get rid of the mites permanently. If possible, only touch your dog with gloves. Another important part of the treatment is hygiene: wash all textiles that your dog came into contact with, especially his blanket.
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